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Poster bibliography

Visual Sources

Background image: Puget Sound Chinook Subway System, Tulalip Tripes Natural Resources.

Epistemology: created by author using Canva

Historical Analysis Left: @twulshootseed Instagram account. November 17, 2022.

Historical Analysis Right: City of Seattle Public Libraries. Scan by author

Critical Cartography Left: Feral Atlas website.

Critical Cartography Right: Thorp, Jer. In the Map Room. Medium, May 9th, 2018.

Textual Sources

“A Glass Half Full” YouTube video, 2:47.  Posted by "The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers," June 1, 2017.

“About Us” Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission.

“Ecosystem Interactions and Pacific Salmon.” NOAA Fisheries.,the%20ocean%20to%20freshwater%20streams.

Arts of Living on a Damaged Planet, edited by Anna Tsing, Heather Swanson, Elaine Gan, and Nils Bubandt. University of Minnesota Press, 2017.

Critical Zones: The Science and Politics of Landing on Earth, edited by Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel. MIT Press, 2020.

“First Salmon Feast”. Columbia River Inter-Tribal Fish Commission.

Ghosts of Seattle's Past, edited by Jamie Garbacik. Chin Music Press, 2016.

Haboo: Native American Stories from Puget Sound, translated and edited by Vi Hilbert. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2020.

“History of Kirkland.” City of Kirkland Washington.

“History of Licton Springs.”

“Message From Chairperson” Northwest Indian Fisheries Commission.

“Lake Washington Ship Canal and Hiram M. Chittenden Locks”. Seattle District, U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.

“Lake Washington salmon counts.” Washington Department of Fish & Wildlife.

Lushootseed: The language of the Skagit, Nisqually, and other tribes of Puget Sound: An Introduction, Book I. Arranged by Thom Hess and Vi Hilbert in consultation with Louise George, Dewey Mitchell, Helen Ross, Al Sampson, Martin Sampson, Ernie Barr, and Joyce Cheeka, 1995. Lushootseed Press

“Salmon and Climate Change.” Tulalip Tribes Natural Resources.

“The Story of the Salmon Ceremony.” Hibulb Cultural Center and Natural History Preserve.

United States v. State of Washington 384 F. Supp. 312 (W.D. Wash. 1974). U.S. District Court for the Western District of Washington.

“Waterlines”. Burke Museum.

“What is the Treaty Rights at Risk Initiative?” Treaty Rights at Risk.

@twulshootseed. 2022. “As we go over Lushootseed place names for locations our ancestors named, we hope a pattern is beginning to emerge.” November 17, 2022.

Alfred, Ernest. Undated. “Long ago, my ancestors could walk across the river on the backs of the salmon.” Feral Atlas.

Allen, Tania and Sara Queen. Beyond the map: Unpacking critical cartography in the digital humanities. Visible Language 49, no. 3 (2015).

--. Critical placemaking: Towards a more critical engagement for participatory design in the urban environment. Design Research Society 2018: Catalyst. DOI: 10.21606/drs.2018.675

Anderson, Ben, and Colin McFarlane. "Assemblage and geography." Area 43, no. 2 (2011): 124-127.

Arènes, Alexandra. Design at the Time of the Anthropocene: Reporting from the Critical Zone. Doctoral dissertation, University of Manchester, 2021. 

Bakshi, Anita. “Responding to emotional aspects of environmental loss: Implications for landscape architecture theory and practice.” Landscape Research Record 7 (2018): 49-59.

Banel, Feliks. “Centennial reveals complicated legacy of Ballard Locks’ namesake.” My Northwest. June 28, 2017.

Barad, Karen. “Posthuman performativity: Toward an understanding of how matter comes to matter." Signs: Journal of women in culture and society 28, no. 3 (2003): 801-831.

--. Meeting the Universe Halfway: Quantum Physics and the Entanglement of Matter and Meaning Duke University Press, 2007.

--. Nature's queer performativity. Qui Parle: Critical Humanities and Social Sciences 19, no. 2 (2011): 121-158.

--. Re-remembering the future, 2014.

Baron, Nancy. “Salmon Trees.” April 22, 2015. Hakai Magazine.

Beck, David. “Unidirectional flexibility and the noun-verb distinction in Lushootseed.” Flexible word classes: Typological studies of underspecified parts of speech (2013): 185-220.

Beekman, Daniel. “Ballard Locks: They don’t move a lot of freight, but they mean a lot of money – and need repair.” January 19, 2018. The Seattle Times.

Blaser, Kimberly M. Sacred journey cycles: Pilgrimage as re-turning and re-telling in American Indigenous literatures. Religion & Literature 35, nos 2, 3 (2003): 83-104.

Booker, Matthew Morse. “Oyster growers and oyster pirates in San Francisco Bay.” Pacific Historical Review 75, no. 1 (2006): 63-68.

Brain, Tega. “The Environment is not a System.” A Peer-Reviewed Journal About 7, no. 1 (2018): 152-165.

Brügger, Adrian, Christina Demski, and Stuart Capstick. How personal experience affects perception of and decisions related to climate change: A psychological view. Weather, Climate, and Society 13, no. 3 (2021): 397-408. DOI: 10.1175/WCAS-D-20-0100.1

Butler, Virginia L. “Where have all the native fish gone: The fate of fish that Lewis and Clark encountered on the Lower Columbia River.” Oregon Historical Quarterly vol. 105, no. 3 (2004): 438-463.

--. and Sarah Campbell. “Resource intensification and resource depression in the Pacific Northwest of North America: A zooarchaeological review.” Journal of World Prehistory vol. 18, no. 4 (2004): 327-405.

Cannon, Aubrey and Dongya Y. Yang. Early storage and sedentism on the Pacific Northwest Coast: Ancient DNA analysis of salmon remains from Namu, British Colombia. American Antiquity 71, no. 1 (2006): 123-140.

Carson, Rob. Boldt decision on tribal fishing still resonates after 40 years. The Olympian. February 9th, 2014.

Casti, John. Alternate Realities: Mathematical Models of Nature and Man. Wiley, 1989.

Chittenden, Hiram. M. “Sentiment versus Utility: In a treatment of national scenery.” Pacific Monthly 10 (1910): 29-38.

Corner, James and Alex S. MacLean. Take Measures Across. the American Landscape. Yale University Press, 1996. 

Cosgrove, Denis. Introduction: Mapping meaning. In Mappings, edited by Denis Cosgrove. Reaktion Books, 1999.

Coté, Charlotte. A Drum in One Hand, a Sockeye in the Other. University of Washington Press, 2022.

Crutzen, Paul J. “Geology of mankind.” Nature 415 (2002): 23.

Cummings, B. J. The River That Made Seattle: A Human and Natural History of the Duwamish. University of Washington Press, 2020.

Dalla Costa, Wanda and Shawna Cunningham. An epistemic shift in ways of doing: Indigenous architecture and design. In "What Frameworks Should We Use to Read the Spatial History of the Americas?", edited by Francisco Luiz Lara. Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians 81, no. 2 (2022): 144-153.

Davies, Bruce. A Meaningful Right to Fish Part One: A Legal History of United States v. Washington. 2021. ISBN: 9781736542903.

Davis, John Dean. “The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers and the Reconstruction of the American Landscape, 1865-1885.” PhDdiss., Harvard University, 2018.

Deming, M. Elen and Simon Swaffield. Landscape Architectural Research: Inquiry, Strategy, Design. John Wiley & Sons, 2011.

Ficken, Robert E. “Seattle’s ditch: The Corps of Engineers and the Lake Washington Ship Canal.” Pacific Northwest Quarterly 1 (1986): 11-20.

Frame, Susannah. “Upper Skagit Indian Tribe: Seattle’s Skagit River dams put treaty rights at risk. April 6, 2021. King5 News.

Efford, Meaghan, Spencer Taft, Jesse Morin, Michael George, Michelle George, Hannah Cavers, Jay Hilsden, Lindsey Paskulin, Doris Lowewen, Jennifer Zhu, Villy Christensen, and Camilla Speller. Archaeology demonstrates sustainable ancestral Coast Salish salmon stewardship over thousands of years. PLOS One 18.e0289797 (2023). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.028797

Egan, Timothy. The Good Rain: Across Time and Terrain in the Pacific Northwest. Vintage Books, 1990.

Gan, Elaine and Anna Tsing. How things hold: A diagram of coordination in a Satoyama forest. Social AnalysisThe International Journal of Anthropology 62, no. 4 (2018): 102-145.

Goodwin, Robert F. “Fishports: service centers for a changing industry.” In Urban Ports and Harbor Management, pp. 173-193. New York: Routledge, 2017.

Groat, Linda and David Wang. Architectural Research Methods. John Wiley & Songs, 2013.

Hammersley, Martyn, and Paul Atkinson. Ethnography: Principles in Practice. New York: Routledge, 1995.


Haraway, Donna. “Anthropocene, Capitolocene, Plantationocene, Chthulucene: Making Kin” Environmental Humanities 6(1) (2015): 159-165.

Kelly, Darlene. Feed the People and You Will Never Go Hungry: Illuminating Coast Salish Economy of Affection. Doctoral dissertation, University of Auckland, 2017.

King County Department of Natural Resources and Parks. Water Quality Assessment and Monitoring Study: Analysis of Existing Data on Lake Union/Ship Canal. 2017.

--. Lake Union/Ship Canal Water Quality Report: January 2014 to March 2016. 2018.

King, Jason. “Seattle: Landfills, regrades, and cuts.” November 2, 2018. Hidden Hydrology.

Kimmerer, Robin Wall. “Speaking of nature.” Orion Magazine 12 (2017a): 14-25.

-- “Learning the grammar of animacy.” Anthropology of Consciousness, 28(2) (2017b): 128-134.

Krauss, Rosalind. Notes on the index: Seventies art in America. October (1977): 68-81.

Langloe, Lars. Report on the Development of Industrial Sites in the Duwamish-Green River Valley. Seattle City Planning Commission 1-5, 16-17 (1946).

Latour, bruno and Catherine Porter. We've Never Been Modern. Harvard University Press, 1993.

Latour, Bruno. Politics of Nature. Harvard University Press, 2004.

--. An Inquiry into the Modes of Existence. Harvard University Press, 2013.

--. Facing Gaia. Eight Lectures on the New Climate Regime. Polity Press, 2017.

Long, Priscilla. “Salmon in the Pacific Northwest.” January 7, 2021. HistoryLink

Mapes, Lynda V. Breaking Ground: The Lower Elwha Klallam Tribe and the Unearthing of Tse-whit-zen Village. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2009. 

MacReady, Parker. Changes in Puget Sound Waters over the last century.

Mateson, R.G. The evolution of Northwest Coast Subsistence. In Long-term Subsistence Change in Prehistoric North America, Research in Economic Anthropology, Supplement 6, edited by Dale R. Croes, Rebecca A. Hawkins, and Barry I. Issac: 367-428. JAI Press, 1992.

McDowell Group. Economic Impact of the Hiram M. Chittenden Locks. 2019.

Momaday, N. Scott. “The Man Made of Words” In Indian Voices: The Convocation of American Indian Scholars, ed. Ruperto Costo, 49-84. (1970) San Francisco: Indian Historical Press.

Moore, Jason W., ed. Anthropocene or capitalocene?: Nature, history, and the crisis of capitalism. PM Press, 2016.

--. "The Capitalocene: Part I: on the nature and origins of our ecological crisis." The Journal of peasant studies 44, no. 3 (2017): 594-630.

O'Sullivan, John L. The great nation of futurity. The United States Democratic Review 6 (1839): 426-430.

Pierotti, Raymond and Daniel Wildcat. “Traditional ecological knowledge: The third alternative (commentary).” Ecological Applications 10(5) (2000): 1333-1340.

Pritchett, Hilary Belle. “Concrete Nurse Logs: Spawning Biodiversity from Ballard’s Century-Old Locks.” PhDiss, University of Washington, 2016. 

Rasmussen, Morten, Martin Sikora, Anders Albrechtsen, Thorfinn Sand Korneliussen, J. Victor Moreno-Mayar, G. David Poznik, Christoph PE Zollikofer, M.S. Ponce de León, M.E. Allentoft, and H. Jónsson. "The ancestry and affiliations of Kennewick Man." Nature 523(7561): 455-458.

Robbins, Paul, and Brian Marks. "Assemblage geographies." The Sage handbook of social geographies (2010): 176-194.

Ryan, Martha P. Taking the Land to Make the City: A Bicoastal History of North America. University of Texas Press, 2019. 

Sommers, Paul and Andrew Wenzl. “Seattle’s maritime cluster.” Seattle, WA: Office of Economic Development, 2009.

Smyth, Rebecca. “Jason Edward Lewis: The indigenous future imaginary.” Winter 2013. Luma.

TedX Talks. “The future imaginary: Jason Edward Lewis at TedXMontreal” YouTube: September 30, 2013.

Todd, Zoe. An Indigenous feminist's take on the Ontological Turn: 'Ontology' is just another word for colonialism. Journal of Historical Sociology 1 (2016): 4-22.

Thorp, Jer. In the Map Room. Medium, May 9th, 2018.


--. Living in Data: A Citizen's Guide to a Better Information Future. MCD, 2021.

Thrush, Coll. "City of the changers: indigenous people and the transformation of Seattle's watershed" Pacific Historical Review 75, no. 1 (2006): 89-117.

--. Native Seattle: Histories from the Crossing-Over Place. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2007.

Toft, J, C Simenstad, C Young, and L Stamatiou. Inventory and Mapping of City of Seattle Shorelines along Lake Washington, the Ship Canal, and Shilshole Bay. 2003.

Tsing, Anna. “Earth stalked by man.” The Cambridge Journal of Anthropology 34 no. 1 (2016): 2-16.

Tuck, Eve and K. Wayne Yang. “Decolonization is not a Metaphor.” Decolonization, Indigeneity, Education & Society 1, no. 1 (2012): 1-40.

Turner, Wallace. “Seattle’s boat watchers drawn to Ballard Locks” September 3, 1973. The New York Times.

Turner, Will R., Toshihiko Nakamura, and Marco Dinetti. Global urbanization and the separation of humans from nature. BioScience 54, no. 6 (2004): 585-

Upton, Dell. Signs taken for wonders. In Relearning from Las Vegas, edited by Aron Vinegar and Michael J. Golec. University of Minnesota Press, 2009.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District. Final Environmental Assessment: Lake Washington Ship Canal Small Lock Monolith Repair. September 2011.

Wharton, Annabel Jane. Models and World Making: Bodies, Buildings, Black Boxes. University of Virginia Press, 2021.

White, Hayden. "Historical pluralism." Critical Inquiry 12, no. 3 (1986): 480-493.

Williams, David B., Jennifer Ott, and The Staff of Historylink. Waterway: The Story of Seattle’s Locks and Ship Canal. Seattle: HistoryLink and Documentary Media, 2017.

Williams, David B. Homewaters: A Human and Natural History of Puget Sound. Seattle: University of Washington Press, 2021. 

Woog, Adam. The Ballard Locks. Seattle: Arcadia Publishing, 2008.

Wynn, Florence. Interview. By Lynn Larson. Alki/Transfer CFO Facilities Project Traditional Cultural Properties. June 5, 1994.

Zahir, Zalmai. “Elements of Lushootseed Grammar in Discourse Perspective”. PhDiss, University of Oregon, 2018.

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